Written in Mongolia and read by professionals
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Wednesday, July 6, 2011

Mongolia Briefing is a magazine and daily news service about doing business in Mongolia. We cover topics relating to the Mongolian economy, the market in Mongolia, foreign direct investment and Mongolian law and tax. It is written in-house by the foreign investment professionals at Dezan Shira & Associates


Mongolia, Japan to Launch Free Trade Talks

Mar. 14 – Japan and Mongolia agreed on Monday to launch talks on a bilateral free trade agreement and to provide Ulaanbaatar with economic aid, officials said.

Japanese Prime Minister Yoshihiko Noda and his Mongolian counterpart Sukhbaatar Batbold, who is on a six-day visit to Japan from Saturday, also agreed that the two countries will boost cooperation in the development of natural resources and infrastructure, according to a joint announcement released after their meeting in Tokyo.

The matter was on the agenda last year as well, but it was stalled when Japan’s prime minister at the time, Naoto Kan, had to deal with the major crisis triggered by the March 2011 natural disasters. Continue reading

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Mongolia to Speed Up Power Plant Preparation Work

Feb. 28 – Mongolia’s Cabinet has asked to accelerate the completion of the project proposal for the construction of the Fifth Thermal Power Plant in Ulaanbaatar, which is scheduled to start in 2013, according to local media. The government would like to announce the tender winner no later than June, 2012.

At the start of the bidding procedures, 11 companies submitted formal applications to participate in the process. Now, only four of them remain, according to the Ministry of Mineral Resources and Energy. Continue reading

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Air Pollution in Ulaanbaatar Kills 1,600 People Every Year

Jan. 12 – Air pollution kills about 1,600 people in Ulaanbaatar every year, and is the cause of an additional 8,500 hospital admissions for lung and heart diseases, according to a joint study undertaken by the World Bank and the Mongolian Ministry of Nature.

According to the study, the concentration of dust particles in the air is 35 times the standard recommended by the World Health Organization (WTO). According to the new report released by the WTO in September 2011, Ulaanbaatar is the second most polluted city in the world and it is also the world’s coldest capital city. Continue reading

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Mongolia to Set Up its First Wind Farm

Jan. 11 – The landlocked Mongolia – mostly known for being rich in coal and copper and for the mining industry driving national growth – will set its very first wind farm this year.

Mongolia has the potential to generate 2.6 million megawatts of wind, solar, geothermal and hydropower according to jointly collected data from the U.S. National Renewable Energy Laboratory and the Mongolian National Renewable Energy Center.

The landlocked country with its high and wide windswept plains has a great resource in wind power, but is not using it. On average, wind blows at least 25 feet a second in the Gobi Desert, which also ranks third globally in terms of solar generation potential. The Gobi Desert is a vast region of sand and desert steppe covering almost 30 percent of the Mongolian territory. Continue reading

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Mongolia to Use Massive Ice Blocks for Summer AirCon

Nov. 17 – Mongolia is to launch one of the world’s biggest ice-making experiments later this month in an attempt to combat the adverse affects of global warming and the urban heat island effect. The geo-engineering trial, that is being funded by the Ulaanbaatar city government, aims to “store” freezing winter temperatures in a giant block of ice that will help to cool and water the city as it slowly melts during the summer.

The scientists behind the 1 billion tugrik (US$700,000) project hope the process will reduce energy demand from air conditioners and regulate drinking water and irrigation supplies. If successful, the model could be applied to other cities in the far north. The project aims to artificially create “naleds” – ultra-thick slabs of ice that occur naturally in far northern climates when rivers or springs push through cracks in the surface to seep outwards during the day and then add an extra layer of ice during the night. Unlike regular ice formation on lakes – which only gets to a meter in thickness before it insulates the water below – naleds continue expanding for as long as there is enough water pressure to penetrate the surface. Many are more than seven meters thick, which means they melt much later than regular ice. Continue reading

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Onshore Drilling Reveals Mongolian Oil Deposits

Aug. 10 – Mongolia-focused oil explorer Petro Matad has said it has found hydrocarbons at one of its wells in Eastern Mongolia, almost a year after it discovered oil at the first well it drilled in the region. The explorer said initial analysis at its Davsan-Tolgoi-4 (DT-4) well pointed to an oil interval containing a minimum of six meters of net pay — the zone of a reservoir that contains economically producible oil.

Petro Matad said the deeper regions of the reservoir also exhibited the presence of hydrocarbons and further analysis was being carried out at the site. Continue reading

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Mongolians Given Free Shares in Coal IPO

Jun. 3 – Every Mongolian has just been given shares in the Erdenes-Tavan Tolgoi IPO, as was suggested would happen by us earlier in the year. The offering, in a coal mining operation commonly referred to as “TT” (for Tavan Tolgoi), is designed to ensure every Mongolian national shares in the new wealth being created through the development of the country’s mining sector.

Income from the global mining sector is pouring into Mongolia, lifting the current rate of GDP growth to 12 percent this year with predictions of it rising to 30 percent by 2015. Mongolia’s stock exchange, which has recently entered into a partnership with the London Stock Exchange, is soaring to previously unheard of highs, while the Mongolian national currency, the togrog, is the world’s fastest appreciating currency unit. That is giving rise to concerns about inflation and fears that traditional industries such as agriculture and cashmere could face problems as costs rise in a competitive market. Continue reading

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Mongolian Mining Corp. in Nation’s Biggest Ever Acquisition

Jun. 1 – In yet another sign of the increasing value and strength of Mongolian companies, Mongolian Mining Corp (MMC) has agreed to pay US$464 million for a coking project owned by Hong Kong’s Kerry Group. MMC, which is Mongolia’s biggest coking coal exporter, signed the deal on Tuesday to buy QGX Coal from Kerry Mining and could end up paying as much as US$950 million if the mine hits certain targets. The deal is the biggest acquisition by a Mongolian mining company to date.

QGX Coal owns the Baruun Naran project within the Tavan Tolgoi coal fields in the South Gobi Desert. The mine contains 185 million tons of confirmed reserves and 282 million tons of additional resources, adding to MMC’s existing 286 million tons of reserves and 500 million tons of resources. MMC will make an upfront cash payment of US$100 million and has raised US$85 million through a convertible loan with an 18-month maturity, 20 percent premium and a 2 percent coupon. Kerry is providing a vendor loan of US$279 million that is due to be settled with a few months of the closing. Continue reading

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Dezan Shira & Associates provide a range of services for companies looking to undertake foreign direct investment into Asia, These include corporate establishment, accounting, tax, payroll, audit and due diligence. To learn more about the firm, please contact one of our specialists at mongolia@dezshira.com, download our corporate brochure or visit at us www.dezshira.com

Dezan Shira & Associates, Twenty years of Excellence

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